How to Build Trust
Trust is indispensable for friendship, love, stable families, close organizations and success in life. This needed and healthy quality is essential, internally in order to accept concepts and externally to relate to others and above all, to God.
Obviously the kingpin in successful trust is the brain, but what is new in this area is the international awareness of the classic hormone, oxytocin. What used to be thought of as merely a mothers hormone is turning out to be a salubrious facilitator of trust broadly and pervasively.
When the hormone oxytocin is sprayed into the nostrils of humans, they voluntarily give more money to a stranger playing a trust game with them than control people without the administered oxytocin.
Outgoing people have higher levels of oxytocin in their blood compared to withdrawn schizophrenics who are deficient in oxytocin. By actual measurements, people very close to each other have more oxytocin in their blood, whereas distant offish couples tend to have lower oxytocin levels.
Anatomy of the oxytocin trust system
Higher centers of the brain focus nerve impulses down to the hypothalamus which sends signals through the nerves connected with the posterior pituitary gland where oxytocin is liberated from underneath the brain, through the blood, to the entire body.
Physiological functions of oxytocin
What takes place in the body when oxytocin is released? Trust is increased. Social memory is improved. Attachment between individuals is increased as are interrelations. Social interaction and cooperation are improved as well. Human bonding is increased. Sexual behavior and childbirth is expedited. Mother-infant bonding, in particular, is stimulated. Lactation is promoted dramatically, as well as maternal behavior.
This endocrinology is not limited to the mother, however. Both father and mother animals experiencing a normal rise in oxytocin levels are observed to nurture their babies assiduously and faithfully in laboratory settings. But if animal fathers are given anti-oxytocin medicine in the lab, they will totally reject their babies and occasionally even eat them.
In a very splendid and welcome manner, release of oxytocin reduces fear as well as anxiety and stress responses. Electronic input to the amygdala, a small area in the mid-brain responsible for negative memories and fear arousal, is reduced. So are nerve impulses traveling from amygdala to the midbrain arousal center and on to the lower brain stem. This decreased electrical stimulation can calm down stress.
Brain scan studies in humans have shown clearly that oxytocin increases the ability to infer the emotional state of other people from facial clues. In addition, the actual amount of time that people gaze on other people`s eye region of the face is increased by higher oxytocin levels.
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Genetic studies have shown quite clearly that one generation can help the succeeding one attain to a higher level of oxytocin performance.
As mentioned, oxytocin enhances the mother-infant bond and promotes lactation. But there is more to this positive association. Longer term breast feeding has been clearly shown in human and animal early studies to increase oxytocin in both the mother and the child. This good start in a childs life has been shown to be quite crucial because evidence strongly demonstrates that evenemotionalabuse of children can compromise their oxytocin physiology for a lifetime.
The case of Russian and Romanian orphans is quite instructive and underlines the need of early nurture in life. These orphans we're observed to frequently have defective oxytocin physiology even after being adopted into stable and loving families. Normal children would experience a rise in oxytocin levels after enjoying 30 minutes of interaction with Mother. Not so with these orphans. This deficiency tends to be quite tenacious in these children and all too often perpetuates their longterm social handicaps.
When expectant mothers drink alcohol, both their oxytocin physiology and that of their children is compromised.
Studies in humans have shown quite clearly that serious exercise can markedly increase oxytocin levels in the blood.
Thus far in this article we have underlined the chemical support of trust, particularly emphasizing oxytocin. We now turn to electrical aspects of trust in the brain. It is true as demonstrated by evidence from brain scan studies (NMR and PET) that the frontal lobe is particularly involved in trustspecifically the spiritual components of trust. This
citadel of the soul is where the highest considerations are evaluated. It is the
headquarters for decision and motivations, like faith, hope, and unselfish love.
The mental aspects of trust are represented in the back of the brain particularly at the junction between the temporal and the parietal lobes.
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Posted in Personal Development Post Date 10/11/2015